Runglish Vocabulary

Russian English Vocabulary

runglish1.narod.ru/02.htm

 

Available web-pages

 

 

What is Runglish

Runglish Pronunciation

Runglish Vocabulary

Runglish Grammar

Runglish Syntax

Runglish Spelling

Runglish Punctuation

 

 

Contents

 

1. Runglish vocabulary derived from Russian

1.1 Common words

1.2 Cuisine words

1.3 Political, administrative words

1.4 Religious words

1.5 Technical words

1.6 Various words

2. Runglish vocabulary derived from English

 

 

 

 

Runglish Vocabulary

Russian English Vocabulary

Derived from Russian

 

Strictly speaking, this is the list of English words possibly borrowed from Russian. Not all of them are of truly Russian or Slavic origin. Some of them co-exist in other Slavic languages and it is difficult to decide whether they entered English from Russian or, say, from Polish, most notable of these being vodka. Some others are borrowed or constructed from classical ancient languages, such as Latin or Greek, still others are borrowed from indigenous peoples of the Russian Empire.

Most of them are used to denote things and notions specific to Russia, Russian culture, politics, history, especially well-known outside Russia: vodka, intelligentsia, taiga, tundra, pogrom. Possibly some others are in the mainstream usage, independent of Russian context.

 

Common

 

                     babushka

                     balaclava

                     balalaika

                     cosmonaut

                     Cossack

                     Gulag

                     intelligentsia

                     Kazakh

                     knout

                     kopek (kopeck, copeck)

                     Kremlin

                     mammoth

                     matryoshka

                     pogrom

                     Brit rouble, US ruble

                     samovar

                     sputnik

                     steppe

                     taiga

                     Troika (triumvirate)

                     Troika (dance)

                     troika (sled)

                     tundra

                     vodka

 

Cuisine

 

                     babka, a kind of cake

                     blin, also Yiddish blintz, pancake

                     borsch

                     kasha, buckwheat groats, Russian for porridge

                     kephir (kefir)

                     kumis (kumys)

                     kvass (kvas)

                     pirogi, also Polish pierogi (plural), dumplings or pies

                     pirozhki (piroshki), small pirogi

                     shashlik

                     sirniki

                     vareniki

 

Political, Administrative

 

                     agitprop

                     apparatchik

                     Bolshevik

                     boyar

                     Cheka

                     commissar

                     DOSAAF

                     Duma

                     dvoryanstvo, dvoryanin

                     FSB

                     glasnost

                     guberniya

                     Kadet

                     KGB

                     kniaz

                     kolkhoz

                     kulak

                     krai

                     Leninism

                     MGB

                     Menshevik

                     mir

                     MVD

                     N'et - as in Mr. N'ET (Mr. Gromyko was known as Mr. N'ET)

                     NEP

                     NKVD

                     nomenklatura

                     obshchina

                     oblast

                     okhranka

                     okrug

                     oprichnina

                     oprichnik

                     perestroika

                     pyatiletka

                     Politburo

                     propiska

                     rayon

                     siloviki

                     Smersh

                     soviet

                     sovkhoz

                     Sovmin

                     Sovnarkhoz

                     Sovnarkom

                     stakhanovite

                     stalinism

                     Stavka

                     tsar, tsardom, tsaritsa, tsarevna, tsarevich, tsesarevich

                     ukase

                     Yevsektsiya

                     zampolit

                     zemshchina

                     Zemsky Sobor

                     zemstvo

 

Religious

 

                     Doukhobor

                     Chlysty

                     Lippovan, Lipovan, Lipovans

                     Molokan

                     Raskol

                     Raskolnik

                     skoptzy

 

Technical

 

                           Tokamak

 

Various

 

                           BAM

                           Belomorkanal (canal) and Belomorkanal (cigarettes)

                           banya

                           bylina

                           chainik

                           chastushka

                           chernozem

                           dacha

                           katorga

                           Lysenkoism

                           palochka

                           Pravda

                           samizdat

                           sharashka

                           Spetsnaz

                           tatary

                           titlo

                           yaranga

                           yurodivy

                           Some Russian letters:

o                    ya

o                    yat

o                    yer

 

Runglish Vocabulary

Russian English Vocabulary

Derived from English

 

English Runglish

Abortion Abort

African American Negro

Arse Ass (American preference)

Astronaut Cosmonaut

Brown bread Black bread

Building House

By means of With the help of

Chancellor Rector

Class, period, lecture, etc Lesson

Committee Commission

Condom Preservative

Conference Conferension

Correct Right

Cousin Brother/sister

Dad(dy) Father

Dinner Supper

Distinctive Specific

Father Christmas Grandfather Frost

Ground floor First floor

(Female) friend Girlfriend

(Male) friend Boyfriend

Handsome Beautiful

Hard Hardly

Issue (of a magazine) Number

(The) latest Last

Lecturer, professor, reader etc Teacher

Lunch Dinner

Mum(my), Mom(my) Mother

New Fresh

Particular Concrete

Police (in Russia) Militia

Saunta Claus Grandfather Frost

Street Road

To convey To express

To damage To injure

To die To be dead

To do sport To go in for sport

To leave something (at home) To forget something (at home)

To lock To close

To shut To close

To tell somebody To say to somebody

Town City

Underground Metro

Violation Breaking

Would like To want

 

 

 

 

Runglish Vocabulary

Russian English Vocabulary

runglish1.narod.ru/02.htm

 

 

 

 

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